Getting Started With Airsoft

black and brown assault rifle on brown dried leaves

Airsoft is a thrilling sport that combines strategy, teamwork, and adrenaline. If you’re new to airsoft or considering getting started in the UK, this guide will equip you with all the knowledge you need to have a seamless and fun experience.

Note: While this guide is tailored to getting started with Airsoft in the UK, the principles, advice, and information provided are applicable to most parts of the world. Always ensure to check local regulations and guidelines specific to your region.

Table of Contents


Starting with airsoft in the UK can be both an exciting and an overwhelming experience, especially when it comes to costs. As a beginner, understanding the various costs associated with the sport will help you budget wisely and get the best value for your money.

  • Airsoft Replica: The primary tool of the sport. Prices can vary greatly based on the type (spring, AEG, gas), brand, and model. As a beginner, you might want to start with a more affordable model, which can range from £50 to £100. However, if you’re looking for something more advanced or specific, some replicas can cost upwards of £300.
  • Protective Gear: Safety should always be your top priority. Investing in quality protective gear is essential.
    • Goggles or Face Masks: Essential for protecting your eyes and face, they can range from £15 to £50 or more for high-end models.
    • Gloves: Protects your hands from direct hits and can range from £10 to £30.
    • Tactical Vests & Pads: Provides additional protection and can range from £20 to £100.
  • Ammunition: The type, quality, and quantity of BBs can influence costs. On average, a pack of 5000 BBs can cost between £10 to £20.
  • Game Fees: Most playing sites charge an entry fee, which can range from £20 to £50 per day. Some sites offer membership deals or packages, which can reduce the overall cost if you play regularly.
  • Additional Accessories & Upgrades: As you delve deeper into the sport, you might want to invest in accessories like holsters, slings, or even optics for your replica. These can range from £5 to £200, depending on what you’re looking for.
  • Maintenance & Repairs: Just like any equipment, airsoft replicas require regular maintenance. This includes cleaning, oiling, and occasionally replacing parts. Setting aside a small budget for this can save you from more significant expenses in the long run.

While the initial costs of starting airsoft can seem high, remember that many of these are one-time investments. Once you have your basic gear, the recurring costs are relatively low. Moreover, you can always start small and upgrade over time as you become more involved in the sport.

Basic Rules

Understanding the fundamental rules of airsoft is paramount not only for safety but also to ensure all participants enjoy the game. Here’s a more detailed look at some of the essential rules:

  • Hit Rule: The honour system is at the heart of airsoft. When hit by a BB (even if it bounces off a nearby object), players should raise their hand, shout “hit” and head to the designated respawn or exit point. It’s crucial to be honest about being hit; pretending otherwise is frowned upon.
  • Blind Firing: Firing without looking is a major safety concern. Ensure that you have a direct line of sight on your target. Blind firing can lead to accidental injuries and is considered unsporting.
  • Minimum Engagement Distance (MED): This is implemented to prevent injuries. Always check with your local site about their MED rules. Some weapons, especially high-powered ones, will have a more extended MED.
  • Safety Zones: In these designated areas, safety is paramount. No firing is allowed. All weapons should be unloaded, magazines removed, safety engaged, and barrel covers on. This ensures no accidental discharges.
  • Protective Gear: While eye protection is a minimum, many players opt for full-face masks to protect against facial injuries. Proper footwear, gloves, and even padded clothing can make the game more comfortable and safe.
  • Respect: Good sportsmanship is expected. Respect fellow players, their equipment, and the field’s boundaries. Listen to the game marshals; they are there to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience for everyone.
  • Age Restrictions: In the UK, players under 18 can’t buy airsoft guns but can use them under adult supervision. Some sites might have specific age-related rules or require parental consent for younger players.
  • Weapon Handling: Even though they are replicas, airsoft guns should be treated with the same respect as real firearms. Keep your finger off the trigger unless ready to fire, always point the muzzle in a safe direction, and ensure the safety is engaged when not in use.
  • Bang Rule: Some sites have a “bang” rule. If you come up behind an opponent and you’re within the MED, instead of firing, you can shout “bang” to signify a hit. It’s a courtesy rule to prevent close-range shots.
  • Pyrotechnics: Only use pyrotechnics (like smoke grenades) if they are allowed by the site, and always follow the safety guidelines when using them.

Each airsoft site may have variations or additions to these basic rules. It’s essential to attend the safety briefing before each game day and ask questions if you’re unsure about any regulations.

Does it hurt?

A common concern for those new to airsoft is the level of pain or discomfort they might experience when hit by a BB. Here’s what to expect and how to mitigate the impact:

  • Impact Sensation: Getting hit by an airsoft BB typically feels like a quick pinch. The pain is temporary and usually fades within a few seconds. The sensation can vary based on the distance of the shot and where you’re hit.
  • Protective Gear: Wearing the right protective gear can significantly reduce any discomfort. Padded clothing, gloves, and full-face masks can absorb some of the BB’s energy. Thick fabrics and layers can also lessen the impact.
  • Avoiding Welts: While the pain from a BB hit is momentary, it might leave a small red mark or welt, especially if hit from a close distance or on bare skin. Again, proper clothing can help prevent this.
  • Face and Head Shots: Getting hit in the face, especially around the lips or forehead, can be more painful than other areas. This is why many players opt for full-face protection. Always ensure that your eyes are protected with high-quality goggles or a mask.
  • Close-Range Hits: Being shot from a close range can be more painful. This is why many sites implement a Minimum Engagement Distance (MED) to prevent such occurrences. Some also use the “bang” rule for close encounters.
  • Compared to Paintball: Many who have tried both sports often say that getting hit by an airsoft BB hurts less than a paintball. Airsoft BBs are smaller and lighter than paintballs.
  • Mental Preparation: Knowing you might get hit and preparing mentally for it can also reduce the shock. Remember, everyone in the game is in the same situation, and getting hit is part of the experience.

Getting hit in airsoft can be momentarily uncomfortable, the pain is minimal and manageable. With the right protective gear and mindset, you can fully enjoy the sport without significant discomfort.


Airsoft is not just a test of shooting skills and strategy but also a physical activity that requires a certain level of fitness. Here’s how fitness plays into the game and how to prepare for it:

  • Cardiovascular Fitness: Many airsoft games involve running, crawling, and rapid movement. A good level of cardiovascular fitness will help you move swiftly across the field, evade opponents, and play for longer without getting too fatigued.
  • Strength: While you don’t need to be a bodybuilder to play airsoft, having decent upper body strength can help when carrying your replica, especially if it’s a heavier model. Leg strength is beneficial for crouching, sprinting, and navigating uneven terrains.
  • Endurance: Airsoft games can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours. Building your endurance will ensure you can play effectively throughout the game without running out of steam.
  • Flexibility: Being flexible can be an asset in airsoft. It will allow you to crouch, crawl, and take cover more efficiently. Regular stretching can improve your flexibility over time.
  • Stamina: As games progress, it’s not uncommon for players to cover several miles on foot. Building stamina will help you maintain your energy and performance levels throughout the game.
  • Hydration and Nutrition: Staying hydrated is crucial, especially during longer games or in hot weather. Always carry water with you and take breaks to drink. Eating a balanced meal before the game can also boost your energy levels.
  • Injury Prevention: Proper footwear can prevent ankle injuries. Warm-up before games and cool down afterwards to reduce the risk of muscle strains.
  • Training: Incorporate regular cardio exercises like running, cycling, or swimming into your routine. Strength training, especially focusing on core strength, can also be beneficial. If you’re new to exercise, start slow and gradually increase your activity levels.
  • Mental Fitness: Airsoft is as much a mental game as a physical one. Being mentally alert, strategic, and staying calm under pressure can give you an edge over your opponents.

You don’t need to be an athlete to enjoy airsoft, having a decent level of physical fitness can enhance your gameplay, make you a more effective player, and reduce the risk of injuries.


Airsoft is a versatile sport, and one of the things that makes it stand out is the variety of scenarios that players can engage in. Whether you’re looking for a quick skirmish or a detailed military simulation, there’s likely an airsoft scenario for you. Here’s a breakdown of some popular game modes:

  • Team Deathmatch (TDM): Perhaps the most straightforward scenario, two teams compete to eliminate members of the opposing team. The team with the most players left standing or with the highest kill count wins.
  • Capture the Flag (CTF): Two teams compete to capture the opponent’s flag and return it to their base while protecting their own. This mode requires both offensive and defensive strategies.
  • King of the Hill: A central location or “hill” is designated, and teams compete to control that location for a set period.
  • Search and Destroy: One team defends an objective or multiple objectives, while the other team tries to locate and destroy it/them within a set time.
  • Zombie: A small group of players start as “zombies” and try to “infect” other players by shooting them. Once hit, players join the zombie side.
  • MilSim (Military Simulation): These are more detailed scenarios that often recreate real military missions. They can last anywhere from a few hours to multiple days and might involve role-playing elements.
  • Historical Reenactment: Players recreate specific battles or scenarios from history, aiming for authenticity in tactics, costumes, and weaponry.
  • VIP/Bodyguard: One team tries to escort a VIP from one point to another, while the opposing team attempts to capture or eliminate the VIP.
  • Medic Rules: Players don’t get eliminated right away but are “wounded” and can be “revived” by a designated medic player.
  • Bounty Hunter: Players earn points or rewards for eliminating specific “bounty” players from the opposing team.
  • Free for All (FFA): Every player for themselves. The last player standing wins.

The beauty of airsoft lies in its adaptability. Players can create new scenarios or tweak existing ones to fit their preferences, making every game a unique experience. Before starting any scenario, it’s essential to set clear rules, ensure safety, and communicate with your teammates for the best outcome.

Airsoft Playing Sites

Airsoft, a team-based sport that simulates military combat with replicas of real firearms, has grown tremendously in popularity in the UK over the past decade. The appeal of the sport is further elevated by the diverse playing sites available across the country, offering a mix of terrains and gameplay scenarios.

Types of Sites:

1. Outdoor Sites:

  • Woodland Areas: Characterized by dense trees, bushes, and uneven terrain, woodland sites are perfect for players who enjoy stealthy gameplay and natural surroundings.
  • Fields: Open fields with minimal cover challenge players to strategize and manoeuvre quickly. Some fields have man-made obstacles like barriers and bunkers.
  • Hills and Mountainous Terrains: Offering vertical gameplay, these sites require physical stamina and strategic positioning.

2. Indoor Sites:

  • Warehouses: These large, enclosed spaces often come with a maze of corridors, rooms, and barricades, making it ideal for close-quarter battles (CQB).
  • Arena-Style: Larger than warehouses, these are designed specifically for airsoft and may have multiple levels, viewing galleries, and specific game zones.

3. Urban Sites:

  • Abandoned Facilities: From old factories to unused schools, these sites offer a mix of indoor and outdoor gameplay with multiple entry and exit points.
  • Purpose-Built Towns: These simulate urban warfare with streets, buildings, and vehicles.

4. Milsim Sites: These sites are expansive and may encompass elements from all the above categories. They are designed for military simulation scenarios, often running multi-day campaigns.

Key Considerations When Choosing a Site:

1. Terrain and Cover: The layout and features of the site can drastically affect gameplay. Consider your playing style – do you prefer sniping from a distance or engaging in CQB? Choose a site that complements your strengths.

2. Facilities: Essential amenities like parking, restrooms, on-site shops for ammo and gear, and refreshment areas can enhance your overall experience.

3. Safety Measures: Prioritize sites that emphasize safety. Look for sites with clear boundary markings, designated safe zones, first-aid facilities, and strict adherence to safety rules.

4. Cost: While some sites might offer free entry, most charge a fee. The cost can vary based on the site’s facilities, size, and popularity.

5. Community and Events: Some sites have a regular community of players and host special events, tournaments, and themed games. Being part of such a community can enrich your airsoft experience.

Finding the Right Site:

  • Online Directories: Websites like UKARA or Airsoft Nation list registered airsoft sites across the UK.
  • Join Local Clubs: Local airsoft clubs can offer exclusive access to private sites and also serve as a platform to connect with veteran players.
  • Recommendations: Personal recommendations from fellow players can provide insights about a site’s gameplay, facilities, and community.

The diverse range of airsoft sites in the UK ensures that there’s something for every player, whether you’re a novice or a seasoned pro. Before you set out, do your research, understand the site rules, and always prioritize safety. Your choice of site can significantly influence your airsoft experience, so choose wisely!

Airsoft Shops

Finding the right airsoft gear is pivotal not only for an optimal gaming experience but also for safety and longevity. The UK boasts a plethora of airsoft shops that cater to both beginners and seasoned players. Here’s a guide to navigating these stores and ensuring you get the best equipment for your needs.

Types of Airsoft Shops:

  • Physical Stores: These are brick-and-mortar shops where you can physically inspect, try out products, and get in-person advice.
  • Online Retailers: Websites that offer a broad range of products, often at competitive prices, delivered to your doorstep.
  • Specialized Shops: These cater to specific needs such as custom-made gear, high-end replicas, or rare items.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Shop:

  • Range of Products: Ensure the shop stocks a diverse range of products catering to various playstyles, terrains, and budgets.
  • Reputation: Look for reviews or ask fellow airsoft players for recommendations.
  • Knowledgeable Staff: Especially for beginners, having staff that can guide and advise is invaluable.
  • Return and Warranty Policies: Understand the shop’s return, exchange, and warranty policies before making a purchase.

Essential Gear to Purchase:

  • Airsoft Replicas: These come in various types like spring-powered, automatic electric guns (AEG), and gas-powered.
  • Safety Gear: This includes eye protection, face masks, gloves, and appropriate footwear.
  • Ammunition: Ensure you purchase high-quality BBs that won’t damage your gun.
  • Accessories: Depending on your gameplay style, consider additional gear like scopes, holsters, slings, and more.
  • Maintenance Kits: These are essential to maintain and prolong the life of your replicas.

Tips for Shopping:

  1. Start Basic: If you’re a beginner, start with essential gear and gradually expand as you understand your gameplay preferences.
  2. Prioritize Safety: Never compromise on safety gear. Ensure it fits well and meets required safety standards.
  3. Test Before Buying: If shopping at a physical store, test out the gear to ensure it’s comfortable and meets your needs.
  4. Look for Deals: Many shops offer discounts, especially during holidays or end-of-season sales.
  5. Stay Informed: Join online forums, follow airsoft influencers, or subscribe to newsletters to stay updated on the latest gear and trends.

The diverse range of airsoft shops in the UK ensures players have access to quality equipment and gear. By making informed decisions, prioritizing safety, and staying updated on the latest in airsoft technology, you can enhance your gaming experience while ensuring safety and longevity of your equipment.


The airsoft community in the UK is vibrant, diverse, and continually growing. Whether you are a newbie trying to find your footing or an experienced player looking to up your game, understanding the player landscape is essential. This section will introduce you to the types of players you might encounter and provide tips on how to engage and learn from the community.

Types of Airsoft Players:

  • Newbies/Beginners: Those new to the sport, still learning the ropes. They might be unfamiliar with game strategies, equipment nuances, or site rules.
  • Casual Players: Play for fun and relaxation. They might not invest heavily in gear or participate in competitive matches but enjoy the occasional game.
  • Regulars/Weekend Warriors: These players are often at local games during weekends. They possess decent equipment and have good knowledge about game strategies.
  • Veterans/Pros: They have years of experience, own high-end equipment, and often participate in national or international tournaments. They play not just for fun but with a competitive spirit.
  • Snipers: Specialized players who prefer long-range shooting. They invest in sniper rifles and often play the role of marksmen in games.
  • Squad/Team Players: Part of teams that train together and participate in matches as a unit. They have defined roles and strategies.

Engaging with Other Players:

  • Ask Questions: Don’t be afraid to seek advice or clarification. Most players are happy to help newcomers.
  • Join Local Clubs or Teams: This is a great way to learn, practice, and make new friends.
  • Participate in Forums: Online forums like Airsoft Nation provide a platform to discuss, share experiences, and seek advice.
  • Respect Veterans: They possess a wealth of knowledge and experience. Respect their insights and learn from them.
  • Attend Workshops: Some sites or clubs organize workshops or training sessions for different skill levels.

Learning from the Community:

  • Watch and Learn: Observe how experienced players strategize, move, or handle equipment.
  • Feedback: After a game, ask for feedback on your performance. Constructive criticism can help you improve.
  • Stay Updated: The airsoft community is always evolving, with new strategies, equipment, or rules coming up. Regularly engage with the community to stay updated.
  • Participate in Events: Many tournaments or events are organized throughout the year. Even if you don’t participate, attending them can provide valuable insights.

Safety and Etiquette:

  • Follow Rules: Every game or site will have specific rules. Ensure you are aware of them and adhere strictly.
  • Play Fair: Respect opponents, avoid arguments, and play with integrity.
  • Safety First: Never compromise on safety, whether it’s regarding equipment, gameplay, or behavior.

The airsoft community in the UK is a treasure trove of knowledge, experiences, and camaraderie. Engaging positively, respecting fellow players, and continually learning will not only make you a better player but also contribute positively to the community.

Online Resources

In today’s digital age, the Internet is brimming with valuable resources for airsoft enthusiasts. From forums to review sites, from video tutorials to online marketplaces, there’s a wealth of information available at your fingertips. Here’s a guide to some of the best online resources for airsoft in the UK.

Forums and Community Platforms:

  • Airsoft Nation: A comprehensive platform that offers a forum for discussions, a marketplace for buying and selling gear, and a directory of airsoft sites. Great for both beginners and pros.
  • UK Airsoft Community (UKAC): A popular forum where players discuss various topics related to airsoft, share experiences, and seek advice.
  • Zero In: Another well-regarded community platform where members can discuss all things airsoft, from gear reviews to game strategies.

Online Shops:

  • Patrol Base: One of the leading online airsoft retailers in the UK. Offers a wide range of equipment, from guns to apparel.
  • Airsoft World: Another popular online store that offers a variety of airsoft guns, equipment, and accessories.
  • RedWolf Airsoft: A renowned international retailer that ships to the UK. Known for its extensive collection of airsoft guns and gear.

Review and News Websites:

  • Arnies Airsoft: A long-standing website that offers reviews, news, and articles about the latest in the airsoft world.
  • Airsoft Action: An online magazine that covers various facets of airsoft, from game reports to gear reviews.

YouTube Channels:

  • Scoutthedoggie: One of the most subscribed airsoft channels, Scoutthedoggie covers gameplays, reviews, and tutorials.
  • Airsoft CamMan: Offers a mix of gameplays, tutorials, and gear reviews. Great for those looking to learn new strategies and techniques.
  • The Airsoft Tech: For those interested in the technical aspects of airsoft guns, this channel offers tutorials on upgrades, repairs, and modifications.

Safety and Training Resources:

  • UKAPU: The UK Airsoft Players Union offers resources on safety, training, and legal aspects of playing airsoft in the UK.


  • HopUp: A popular marketplace app for buying, selling, and trading airsoft gear. It also provides features for users to discuss and share their airsoft experiences.

Whether you’re looking to buy new gear, stay updated with the latest news, or connect with fellow enthusiasts, the online world offers a plethora of resources for every airsoft player. Utilize these platforms to enhance your game, make informed decisions, and stay connected with the global airsoft community.

Global Airsoft

Airsoft is not just a pastime limited to the UK. It has a robust following worldwide, with enthusiasts spanning across continents. The global appeal of airsoft has given rise to various events, cultures, and developments unique to different countries. Here’s a glimpse into the worldwide arena of airsoft:

Airsoft in the USA:

  • The US boasts of numerous airsoft fields and events, from CQB (Close Quarters Battle) arenas in urban settings to large outdoor milsim (military simulation) events.
  • Popular events like the “Operation Lion Claws Military Simulation Series” attract players from all over the country.
  • Different states have their own specific laws and regulations concerning airsoft, especially regarding the transport and sale of replicas.

Airsoft in Asia:

  • Countries like Japan and Taiwan are considered the birthplaces of airsoft, with Tokyo Marui, a Japanese company, pioneering the AEG (Automatic Electric Gun).
  • The Philippines holds the “National Airsoft Tournament”, one of Asia’s most significant airsoft events.
  • In Hong Kong, airsoft is a popular activity, with many fields and shops scattered throughout the territory.

Airsoft in Europe:

  • Airsoft is hugely popular in countries like France, Spain, and Poland.
  • Major events like “Border War” in the Czech Republic see participants from all over Europe.
  • The European Airsoft Association (EAA) works towards a standardized set of rules and regulations for airsoft games across the continent.

Airsoft in Australia and New Zealand:

  • While airsoft guns are currently illegal in Australia, there is a dedicated community lobbying for its legalization.
  • New Zealand has a thriving airsoft community, with regular events, games, and tournaments held across the country.

Global Airsoft Communities:

  • Many international forums and platforms, such as Reddit’s r/airsoft community, have a mix of players from all over the world, discussing gear, tactics, and sharing experiences.
  • There are global marketplaces and online shops that cater to a worldwide audience, offering a variety of equipment and replicas.

Traveling for Airsoft:

  • Many dedicated players often travel internationally to participate in significant events or milsim operations.
  • It’s essential to be aware of the rules and regulations concerning the transport of airsoft equipment when traveling between countries.

Airsoft’s global presence ensures a rich tapestry of cultures, tactics, and experiences for enthusiasts. Whether you’re looking to connect with players from other countries, participate in international events, or just understand the global landscape of airsoft, the world is your playground.

Buying Airsoft Replicas and the VCRA

Entering the world of airsoft in the UK means understanding the rules and regulations around buying and owning airsoft replicas. The VCRA (Violent Crime Reduction Act) plays a significant role in shaping these guidelines.

Understanding VCRA:

The VCRA was introduced in 2006, aiming to tackle knife crime and replica firearms. For airsoft enthusiasts, the act mainly impacts the purchase and ownership of realistic imitation firearms (RIFs).

RIF vs IF:

  • Realistic Imitation Firearm (RIF): Any device that has the appearance of being a firearm, whether or not it’s capable of discharging any shot, bullet, or other missiles.
  • Imitation Firearm (IF): These are RIFs that have been painted or produced in a bright colour, making them easily identifiable as non-real firearms.

Who can buy a RIF?:

  • You must be over 18 to purchase a RIF.
  • You need to have a valid reason, such as being a member of an insured airsoft site or skirmish event, film production, theatrical performances, or historical re-enactments.
  • An excellent way for players to buy RIFs is to become a member of the UKARA (United Kingdom Airsoft Retailers Association). This proves you’re an active player and provides a valid defence against the VCRA restrictions.

Two-Tone Airsoft Guns:

  • For those not eligible to purchase a RIF, there’s an option to buy two-tone airsoft guns. These are standard RIFs painted in bright colours, marking them as imitation firearms.
  • These guns function identically to their RIF counterparts but are easily distinguishable from real firearms.

Importing Airsoft Replicas:

  • If you’re considering buying an airsoft gun from outside the UK, it’s essential to ensure that it complies with the VCRA regulations.
  • Customs may seize any RIFs that don’t meet the VCRA guidelines.

Selling or Gifting a RIF:

  • If you’re planning to sell or gift a RIF, you need to ensure the recipient has a valid reason to own one, as mentioned earlier.


  • Breaching the VCRA rules can lead to severe penalties, including hefty fines and potential jail time.

While the VCRA might seem restrictive at first, it’s in place to ensure the safety of the general public. By understanding and adhering to its guidelines, airsoft enthusiasts can enjoy their hobby without any legal complications.

Power Limits and the Firearms Act

When it comes to airsoft in the UK, it’s vital to understand the power limits set by the law to ensure safety and legality. The Firearms Act in the UK outlines these limits and clarifies the distinctions between an airsoft replica and a firearm. Here’s what you need to know:

Understanding Joules:

  • Airsoft replicas’ power is measured in joules, which is a measure of energy.
  • The FPS (Feet Per Second) rating of an airsoft gun can be converted to joules using the BB’s weight.

Legal Power Limits for Airsoft Replicas in the UK:

  • Automatic Electric Guns (AEGs): Must not exceed 1.3 joules or approximately 370 FPS using 0.2g BBs.
  • Single-shot and semi-automatic replicas: Must not exceed 2.5 joules or roughly 520 FPS using 0.2g BBs.

Airsoft vs. Firearms:

  • Any airsoft replica exceeding these power limits is considered a firearm in the UK and is subject to firearms laws.
  • Owning an airsoft replica that’s above these limits without the proper firearms license is illegal and can result in severe penalties.


  • Chronographing is a method used to measure the FPS/joules of an airsoft replica.
  • Regularly chronographing your airsoft replicas ensures they stay within legal limits, especially if you’ve made upgrades or modifications.
  • Most airsoft sites in the UK will have a chronograph test before games to ensure all replicas used are within the legal limits.

Modifications and Upgrades:

  • If you’re planning to modify or upgrade your airsoft replica, it’s crucial to understand how these changes might affect its power.
  • Always ensure that after any modifications, your replica stays within the legal power limits.

Importance of Adhering to Power Limits:

  • Staying within power limits ensures player safety. Higher-powered replicas can cause severe injuries.
  • Being compliant with the law ensures that you can enjoy the sport without facing any legal repercussions.

The power limits set by the UK’s Firearms Act are in place to ensure player safety and distinguish between airsoft replicas and real firearms. Regularly checking your replica’s power and understanding the implications of upgrades and modifications ensures a safe and enjoyable airsoft experience.

Other Applicable Laws

While the VCRA and the Firearms Act are the primary pieces of legislation affecting airsoft in the UK, there are other relevant laws and regulations that players should be aware of to ensure they play safely and legally. Here’s a rundown:

Offensive Weapons Act:

  • It’s illegal to carry an airsoft replica in a public place without a valid reason, such as transporting it to and from a game.
  • Always transport airsoft replicas in a secure, non-visible case or bag. Never brandish or display them openly in public.

Age Restrictions:

  • You must be 18 or older to purchase an airsoft replica. However, younger players can still use them under supervision at registered sites.

Bright Colours for Under 18s:

  • Players under 18 who own an airsoft replica must have it in a two-tone colour scheme, distinguishing it as an imitation firearm.

Misuse of Airsoft Replicas:

  • Using an airsoft replica to threaten or intimidate someone is a criminal offence and can lead to arrest and prosecution.


  • Always ensure you have permission to play on private land. Playing airsoft without permission can lead to charges of trespassing.

Eye Protection:

  • While not a legal requirement, it’s heavily recommended and considered best practice to always wear eye protection when using an airsoft replica.

Import and Export:

  • While importing airsoft replicas is legal, ensure they comply with UK power limits and other regulations. Declare them correctly when bringing them into the country.
  • If exporting, check the destination country’s airsoft regulations to avoid complications.


  • It’s advisable for airsoft sites and clubs to have public liability insurance to cover potential injuries or damages.

Data Protection:

  • If you’re a member of an airsoft club or organization, they must adhere to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) when storing and processing your personal data.

While airsoft is a fun and exciting sport, it’s essential to be aware of the legal implications and responsibilities. Familiarising yourself with these laws ensures you can enjoy the sport safely and responsibly.

Types of Airsoft Replica

When you step into the world of airsoft, it’s essential to understand the variety of replicas at your disposal. Each has its own mechanics, offering unique advantages and disadvantages.

Spring-Powered Replicas:

  • Mechanism: Manual cocking is required for each shot. This action compresses a spring mechanism, which, when released, propels the BB.
  • Popular For: Pistols, shotguns, and sniper rifles.
  • Advantages: Simple design, generally cheaper, and requires less maintenance.
  • Disadvantages: Slower rate of fire due to manual cocking.

Electric (AEG – Automatic Electric Gun):

  • Mechanism: Uses a battery-powered motor to cycle a piston and compress a spring, which drives the BB.
  • Popular For: Rifles, SMGs, and some pistols.
  • Advantages: Semi-automatic or fully automatic firing modes, consistent performance.
  • Disadvantages: Reliance on batteries, potential for electrical malfunctions.

Gas-Powered Replicas:

  • Mechanism: Utilizes compressed gas (CO2, green gas, or propane) to propel the BB.
  • Popular For: Pistols, rifles, and realistic blowback replicas.
  • Advantages: Offers a more realistic shooting experience with recoil.
  • Disadvantages: Gas canisters need regular refilling, performance can be affected by temperature.

High-Pressure Air (HPA):

  • Mechanism: Uses externally supplied air via a hose connected to a tank.
  • Popular For: Rifles and machine guns.
  • Advantages: Highly consistent performance, adjustable power.
  • Disadvantages: Requires an external air tank, can be cumbersome.

All these replicas are designed to mimic real firearms, using magazines to load ammunition. Most have internal power mechanisms, ensuring unhindered mobility for players.

Replica Components

Hop Up: A crucial component for airsoft enthusiasts, the Hop Up is a chamber that imparts adjustable backspin to a BB upon firing. This backspin dramatically improves the BB’s range and accuracy.

Magazines: Acting as the storage for BBs, magazines come in various types and capacities. Depending on the replica, you might use high-capacity (hi-cap), mid-capacity (mid-cap), or real-capacity (real-cap) magazines.

Batteries: A primary power source for AEGs, batteries come in types such as NiMH (nickel-metal hydride) and Lithium variants (Li-Po, Li-ion, Li-Fe). Some AEGs also use proprietary batteries tailored to fit a specific replica.

Ammunition: Airsoft replicas use plastic BBs that vary in weight, typically between 0.20g to 0.40g. The weight and quality of the BB can influence the range and accuracy. It’s also worth noting that biodegradable BBs are available for environmentally conscious players.

Upgrades: To enhance performance, players can opt for various upgrades. From internal components like gearboxes and motors to external attachments like sights and grips, the possibilities are vast. Always ensure that your upgrades comply with site rules and legal power limits.

Your First Replica

Stepping into the world of airsoft is exciting, and choosing your first replica is a significant milestone. However, it can also be overwhelming given the plethora of options available. Here’s a guide to help you make an informed choice:

1. Decide on the Type:

  • AEG (Automatic Electric Gun): These are the most popular and versatile replicas, suitable for most game types. They are battery-operated and can be semi-automatic or fully automatic.
  • Gas-Powered: Offers a realistic shooting experience with blowback and recoil. However, they require regular refills and can be affected by temperature changes.
  • Spring-Powered: Best suited for snipers or those wanting a manual, single-shot experience. They are generally less expensive and simpler in design.
  • HPA (High Pressure Air): Provides consistency and adjustability but requires an external air tank.

2. Consider the Gameplay Environment:

  • Urban/CQB (Close Quarter Battle): Opt for replicas with a shorter overall length, such as SMGs or compact rifles. This ensures better maneuverability in tight spaces.
  • Woodland/Open Field: A rifle with a longer barrel will offer better range and accuracy.

3. Set a Budget: Airsoft replicas can vary significantly in price. It’s essential to set a budget and stick to it. While more expensive replicas might offer better performance, many affordable options provide excellent value for money.

4. Aesthetic & Feel: While performance is crucial, it’s also essential to choose a replica that appeals to you visually. Ensure it feels comfortable when held and shouldered.

5. Check the Power Limit: Ensure your chosen replica complies with the legal power limits for airsoft in the UK. Get it chronographed when purchasing to confirm its power.

6. Consider the ‘Weapon System’: Remember that the replica is just one part of your overall kit. You’ll also need to think about batteries, chargers, magazines, pouches, and more. It’s essential to factor these additional costs into your budget.

7. Seek Recommendations: Engage with the airsoft community. Online forums, local clubs, or dedicated airsoft shops can provide invaluable advice. Experienced players can offer insights based on their experiences.

Choosing your first replica is a journey. Take your time, do your research, and seek advice. Remember, the best replica for you is one that fits your play style, budget, and personal preferences.

Safety in the Home

Airsoft replicas, despite being non-lethal, can still pose potential hazards, especially if not stored or handled correctly at home. Here’s a guide to ensure safety for everyone in your household:

1. Treat Every Replica as if it’s Loaded:

  • Always assume that your airsoft gun is loaded. This mindset ensures that you’ll always handle it with the utmost care and caution.

2. Store in a Safe Place:

  • Invest in a lockable case or a safe. Ensure that the replica is stored out of the reach of children and unauthorized individuals.
  • Avoid leaving your replica in places where it might be mistaken for a real firearm, like on a table or a couch.

3. Remove the Magazine and Battery:

  • When not in use, remove the magazine and the battery. This step reduces the risk of accidental discharge.

4. Use Barrel Plugs or Safety Caps:

  • Using barrel plugs or safety caps prevents accidental firing and shows that the replica is in a safe mode.

5. Store Ammunition Separately:

  • Keep BBs in a separate container away from the replica. It reduces the chances of the gun being loaded unintentionally.

6. Avoid ‘Dry Firing’:

  • Firing an airsoft gun without ammunition can cause wear and damage to the internal mechanisms.

7. Educate Everyone in the Household:

  • Ensure that everyone in your home understands that airsoft guns are not toys. Teach them about the potential risks and the importance of safe handling.

8. No Horseplay:

  • Avoid using the replica for any playful or careless activity, even if it’s unloaded. Accidents can happen in the blink of an eye.

9. Regular Maintenance:

  • Regularly inspect your replica for any signs of wear or damage. Proper maintenance ensures that it remains in safe working condition.

Safety should always be the top priority when handling or storing airsoft replicas at home. Following these guidelines will ensure a safe environment for everyone and prolong the life of your airsoft equipment.

Airsoft Kit

Eye and Face Protection

In airsoft, safety is paramount, and protecting your eyes and face should be your top priority. Airsoft BBs can cause serious injury if they come into contact with these sensitive areas. Here’s a guide to choosing the right protective gear:

1. Full-Face Masks:

  • Provides complete protection to both your eyes and face.
  • Often comes with an integrated goggle system, ensuring a snug fit.
  • Ideal for those new to airsoft or playing in close-quarters where the risk of face shots is higher.

2. Safety Goggles:

  • Essential for any airsoft player.
  • Ensure that they are rated for ballistic protection and can resist impacts.
  • Look for goggles with anti-fog properties or consider adding anti-fog sprays or inserts.

3. Mesh Masks:

  • Made of wire mesh, they protect the lower half of the face.
  • Offers better breathability compared to solid masks.
  • Ensure the mesh is fine enough to prevent BB fragments from passing through.

4. Helmet or Headwear:

  • While not essential, helmets add an extra layer of protection against headshots.
  • Soft headwear like beanies or caps can also offer protection, but won’t prevent the impact’s sting.

5. Seal Check:

  • Ensure that your goggles form a complete seal around your eyes.
  • Gap-free protection is vital to prevent BBs from slipping through.

6. Prescription Solutions:

  • For those who wear glasses, many goggles are designed to fit over your prescription eyewear.
  • Alternatively, consider prescription inserts or contact lenses.

7. Comfort and Fit:

  • Ensure that your protection fits snugly without causing discomfort.
  • Adjust straps for a secure fit to prevent them from shifting during games.

8. Regular Inspection:

  • Check your protective gear for signs of wear, damage, or any weak points.
  • Replace immediately if you notice any compromises in the protective elements.

Your safety on the airsoft field begins with the right protective gear. Investing in quality eye and face protection will not only keep you safe but also allow you to enjoy the game with peace of mind. Always remember, safety first!


The significance of good footwear in airsoft can’t be overstated. A game typically involves a lot of movement, sometimes on rough and uneven terrains. Investing in the right pair of boots can make your experience comfortable and reduce the risk of injuries. Here’s what you need to know:

1. Ankle Support:

  • High-top boots offer excellent ankle support, reducing the risk of sprains or twists, especially when running or navigating uneven grounds.

2. Traction:

  • Look for boots with deep treads that offer good grip on various surfaces. This can prevent slips or falls, especially in wet conditions.

3. Durability:

  • Airsoft can be hard on footwear. Invest in boots made of durable materials that can withstand the rigours of the game.

4. Waterproofing:

  • Depending on the environment you play in, waterproof boots can be a boon. They keep your feet dry in wet conditions, making your experience more comfortable.

5. Breathability:

  • While waterproofing is crucial, ensure that your boots are also breathable. This prevents excessive sweating, keeping your feet cool.

6. Comfort:

  • Padding, cushioning, and insole support can make a lot of difference during long games. It’s worth investing in boots that are comfortable to wear for extended periods.

7. Weight:

  • Heavy boots can slow you down and tire you out faster. Look for lightweight options that don’t compromise on protection.

8. Fastening Mechanism:

  • Depending on your preference, you can choose between lace-up boots, zippered ones, or those with Velcro straps. Ensure that the mechanism is robust and doesn’t come undone during play.

9. Maintenance:

  • Clean your boots after each game. Remove mud, dust, and moisture. Regular maintenance can prolong the life of your boots.

10. Break them in:

  • Before using new boots in a game, wear them regularly to break them in. This ensures they are comfortable and moulded to your feet during the game.

The right pair of boots can significantly enhance your airsoft experience. While they might seem like a hefty investment initially, their benefits in terms of comfort, safety, and performance are worth every penny.


Dressing appropriately for an airsoft game not only affects your performance but also ensures your safety. The right outfit can provide protection from the elements, reduce the impact of BBs, and even offer camouflage. Here’s how to select the ideal clothing for airsoft:

1. Military Surplus:

  • Military surplus clothing is both durable and functional. Made to withstand real battlefield conditions, these outfits are perfect for airsoft.
  • Available in various camouflage patterns to match different environments and often at affordable prices compared to specialised airsoft clothing.

2. Layers:

  • Layering helps in regulating body temperature, especially in varying weather conditions.
  • Wear moisture-wicking inner layers to stay dry and avoid chafing.

3. Protective Padding:

  • Some clothing comes with integrated padding in high-impact areas like elbows and knees.
  • Consider wearing additional padding or guards for added protection.

4. Camouflage and Concealment:

  • Dress to blend into your environment. The aim is to be as invisible as possible to the opposing team.
  • Remember, the right camouflage can be the difference between being spotted and staying hidden.

5. Weather Appropriate:

  • For cold weather, invest in thermal clothing and windbreakers.
  • For warmer climates, opt for lightweight, breathable fabrics.

6. Ghillie Suits:

  • These are specialized camouflage suits designed to resemble heavy foliage. Ideal for snipers or those who want maximum concealment.

7. Gloves:

  • Protect your hands from direct BB hits, scrapes, and environmental factors.
  • Choose gloves that offer a good grip while handling weapons.

8. Hat or Headgear:

  • Protects your head from direct sunlight and provides some cushion against BB hits.
  • Consider styles like boonies, caps, or even bandanas.

9. Pockets and Storage:

  • Multiple pockets can be handy for carrying small items like extra magazines, tools, or snacks.
  • Opt for clothing with secure pocket closures to avoid losing items.

10. Maintenance:

  • Regularly wash and inspect your clothing for signs of wear or damage.
  • Repair any minor damages promptly to prolong the life of your outfit.

Dressing appropriately for airsoft is a blend of functionality, protection, and strategy. Using military surplus as an option provides both affordability and durability. While comfort is essential, remember that your outfit can play a significant role in your overall performance and safety during the game. Always be prepared for the environment you’ll be playing in, and adjust your clothing choices accordingly.

Load Carrying Equipment

Carrying equipment and ammo efficiently is vital for a successful airsoft game. Load Carrying Equipment (LCE) helps in distributing the weight of your gear evenly, ensuring that you remain agile and effective on the field. Here’s a breakdown of different types of LCEs and their uses:

1. Chest Rig:

  • This is a strip of pouches that sits across the front of your torso, usually held by crossed shoulder straps.
  • It provides easy access to magazines and equipment without hindering movement.
  • Lightweight and less bulky than other options.

2. Assault Vest:

  • Covers your entire torso like a regular vest, maximising the area available for pouches.
  • Provides comprehensive storage options but can be hotter and more restrictive than other LCEs.

3. Plate Carrier:

  • Designed to hold armour plates in real-world situations, these usually wrap around your waist and sides.
  • Offers a mix of protection and storage, with molle systems allowing for customization.

4. Belt Kit:

  • This traditional method of carrying gear consists of a waist belt with pouches mounted on it.
  • Usually combined with a ‘yoke’ over the shoulders to support the weight.
  • Provides a balance between mobility and storage.

5. Molle System:

  • In the last decade, the ‘Molle’ system has become a favourite for both real-world and airsoft LCE.
  • Consists of vests and carriers without pouches; instead, they have horizontal loops to which you attach special pouches.
  • Offers the most customization, allowing players to re-configure their LCE for personal preference or to suit each game or weapon system.

6. Colour and Camouflage:

  • Choose LCE in solid colours such as black, brown, or green to avoid replacing them every time you change camouflage patterns.
  • Camouflage-patterned LCE might look more cohesive with a matching outfit but may limit its versatility across different scenarios.

7. Sensitivity to Hits:

  • Players, especially newcomers, should be cautious about wearing thick-skinned LCE, such as assault vests.
  • It can be challenging to feel hits through them, so players need to learn to identify hits from sounds or other indicators.

8. Additional Accessories:

  • Depending on the game scenario and personal preferences, players might want to add holsters, dump pouches, hydration packs, and other equipment to their LCE.

Selecting the right equipment is a balance between storage, mobility, and personal preference. Understanding the benefits and limitations of each type can help players make an informed decision, ensuring they are well-equipped and ready for action on the airsoft field.

Going to a Game

Embarking on your first airsoft game can be both exhilarating and intimidating. But with the right preparation and a good understanding of what to expect, you can ensure your first experience is memorable for all the right reasons. Here’s a step-by-step guide to ensure you’re ready for your airsoft debut:

1. Finding a Site:

  • Research: Begin by searching online for airsoft sites or fields near you. Websites like Airsoft Nation often have directories of sites sorted by location.
  • Choose a Site: When choosing a site, consider the type of games they offer (e.g., woodland, urban), facilities, and the reviews from other players.

2. Booking:

  • Reservation: Most sites require players to book in advance, especially if they need to rent equipment. This ensures they can accommodate everyone and have enough gear.
  • Waiver: Some sites may require you to sign a waiver. Make sure to read it thoroughly before signing.

3. Preparing Your Gear:

  • Ensure all your equipment, including your replica, magazines, and batteries, is in working order.
  • Pack extra BBs, batteries, and gas cartridges if needed.
  • Don’t forget essentials like eye and face protection, gloves, and appropriate clothing.

4. Arriving at the Site:

  • Arrive Early: This gives you time to check in, familiarize yourself with the area, and do any last-minute gear checks.
  • Safety Briefing: Always attend the safety briefing. This is where game rules, site-specific regulations, and safety protocols will be discussed.

5. Team Up:

  • Most games involve team-based scenarios. If you’ve come alone, don’t worry! The site organizers will usually assign teams, ensuring balanced numbers.
  • Use this opportunity to make new friends and learn from more experienced players.

6. Gameplay:

  • Follow the Rules: Each game will have its objectives, such as capture the flag or team deathmatch. Make sure you understand the rules before the game starts.
  • Communication is Key: Airsoft is a team sport. Communicate with your teammates, and always be aware of your surroundings.
  • Play Fair: Always call your hits. It maintains the integrity of the game and ensures everyone has a good time.

7. Post-Game:

  • Clean Up: Ensure you pick up any trash or discarded items.
  • Debrief: Talk with your team about what went well and what can be improved. This helps in learning and enhancing your gameplay.
  • Feedback: Most sites appreciate feedback. If you enjoyed your experience, consider leaving a positive review.

8. Make Friends and Plan the Next Game:

  • Airsoft is as much about community as it is about the game. Engage with other players, share experiences, and plan for the next game.

Your first airsoft game is bound to be a learning experience. With preparation and a positive attitude, you’re sure to have a great time. Remember, the goal is to have fun, play fair, and immerse yourself in the thrilling world of airsoft. Enjoy!


Airsoft is a thrilling, team-based sport that simulates military combat scenarios using replica firearms. If you’re considering diving into the world of airsoft in the UK, here’s a concise summary of what you need to know:

  1. Introduction to Airsoft: Understand the basics of the game, its origins, and its widespread popularity in the UK.
  2. Costs and Budgeting: Airsoft can be tailored to suit various budgets, from rental gear for beginners to advanced custom kits for enthusiasts.
  3. Safety and Rules: Always prioritize safety, especially eye and face protection. Familiarize yourself with game rules and always play fair.
  4. Equipment and Gear: Know the types of airsoft replicas available, the significance of the hop-up mechanism, types of magazines, batteries, ammunition, and potential upgrades.
  5. Dressing the Part: Wearing the right clothing, including military surplus garments, boots, and load-carrying equipment, can enhance your gameplay experience.
  6. Going to a Game: Research and select a site, make a booking, prepare your gear, and immerse yourself in the gameplay, ensuring you follow all rules and safety protocols.

In essence, airsoft offers a unique blend of strategy, teamwork, and physical activity. Whether you’re looking for a new hobby, a way to improve your fitness, or just a fun day out with friends, airsoft in the UK is an excellent choice. As with any sport, the key is preparation, understanding, and respect for both the game and its participants. Happy skirmishing!

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